Improved Algorithms for the Steiner Problem in Networks

Polzin, Tobias ; Vahdati Daneshmand, Siavash

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-17481
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 1998
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Business Informatics and Mathematics > Sonstige - Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik
MADOC publication series: Veröffentlichungen der Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik > Institut für Informatik > Technical Reports
Subject: 004 Computer science, internet
Subject headings (SWD): Steiner-Problem , Untere Schranke , Heuristik
Keywords (English): Steiner problem , reduction tests , lower bounds , heuristics , exact algorithm
Abstract: We present several new techniques for dealing with the Steiner problem in (undirected) networks. We consider them as building blocks of an exact algorithm, but each of them could also be of interest in its own right. First, we consider some relaxations of integer programming formulations of this problem and investigate different methods for dealing with these relaxations, not only to obtain lower bounds, but also to get additional information which is used in the computation of upper bounds and in reduction techniques. Then, we modify some known reduction tests and introduce some new ones. We integrate some of these tests into a package with a small worst case time which achieves impressive reductions on a wide range of instances. On the side of upper bounds, we introduce the new concept of heuristic reductions. On the basis of this concept, we develop heuristics that achieve sharper upper bounds than the strongest known heuristics for this problem despite running times which are smaller by orders of magnitude. Finally, we integrate these blocks into an exact algorithm. We present computational results on a variety of benchmark instances. The results are clearly superior to those of all other exact algorithms known to the authors.
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