Incentives That Saved Lives: Government Regulation of Accident Insurance Associations in Germany, 1884-1914


Guinnane, Timothy W. ; Streb, Jochen



URL: http://www.econ.yale.edu/growth_pdf/cdp1013.pdf
Additional URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2127233
Document Type: Working paper
Year of publication: 2012
The title of a journal, publication series: Economic Growth Center Discussion Paper
Volume: 1013
Place of publication: New Haven, Conn.
Publication language: English
Institution: School of Law and Economics > Wirtschaftsgeschichte (Streb)
Subject: 330 Economics
900 History
Abstract: The German government introduced compulsory accident insurance for industrial firms in 1884. This insurance scheme was one of the main pillars of Bismarck’s famous social insurance system. The accident-insurance system achieved only one of its intended goals: it successfully compensated workers and their survivors for losses due to accidents. The accident-insurance system was less successful in limiting the growth of work-related accidents, although that goal had been a reason for the system’s creation. We trace the failure to stem the growth of accidents to faulty incentives built into the 1884 legislation. The law created mutual insurance groups that used an experience-rating system that stressed group rather than firm experience, leaving firms with little hope of saving on insurance contributions by improving the safety of their own plants. The government regulator increasingly stressed the imposition of safety rules that would force all firms to adopt certain safety practices. Econometric analysis shows that even the flawed tools available to the insurance groups were powerful, and that more consistent use would have reduced industrial accidents earlier and more extensively.
Additional information: Yale University / Economics Department Working Paper ; No. 104

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.




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