Age and gender differences in self-esteem - A cross-cultural window


Bleidorn, Wiebke ; Arslan, Ruben ; Denissen, Jaap ; Rentfrow, Peter J. ; Gebauer, Jochen E. ; Potter, Jeff ; Gosling, Samuel D.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000078
URL: https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/psp-psp...
Additional URL: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/33d3q24m
Document Type: Article
Year of publication: 2016
The title of a journal, publication series: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume: 111
Issue number: 3
Page range: 396-410
Place of publication: Washington, DC
Publishing house: American Psychological Assocciation
ISSN: 0022-3514 ; 1939-1315
Publication language: English
Institution: Außerfakultäre Einrichtungen > Mannheim Centre for European Social Research - Research Department A
Subject: 300 Social sciences, sociology, anthropology
Abstract: Research and theorizing on gender and age differences in self-esteem have played a prominent role in psychology over the past 20 years. However, virtually all empirical research has been undertaken in the United States or other Western industrialized countries, providing a narrow empirical base from which to draw conclusions and develop theory. To broaden the empirical base, the present research uses a large Internet sample (N = 985,937) to provide the first large-scale systematic cross-cultural examination of gender and age differences in self-esteem. Across 48 nations, and consistent with previous research, we found age-related increases in self-esteem from late adolescence to middle adulthood and significant gender gaps, with males consistently reporting higher self-esteem than females. Despite these broad cross-cultural similarities, the cultures differed significantly in the magnitude of gender, age, and Gender X Age effects on self-esteem. These differences were associated with cultural differences in socioeconomic, sociodemographic, gender-equality, and cultural value indicators. Discussion focuses on the theoretical implications of cross-cultural research on self-esteem.

Dieser Eintrag ist Teil der Universitätsbibliographie.




+ Export and Citation


Choose a citation style.

+ Search Authors in

+ Page Views

Hits per month over past year

Detailed information



You have found an error? Please let us know about your desired correction here: E-Mail


Actions (login required)

Show item Show item